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Health Information National Trends Survey
Part of NCI's Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences

Published Articles that use this HINTS Question: In general, how much would you trust information about health or medical topics on the Internet?

Manierre, M  2015  Examining the Relationship Between Flexible Resources and Health Information Channel Selection.  Health Communication   [Epub ahead of print]

Hartoonian N, Narineh SR, Ormseth ER, Bantum EO, Owen JE.  2014  Information-seeking in cancer survivors: application of the Comprehensive Model of Information Seeking to HINTS 2007 data.  Journal of Health Communication   19(11):1308-25


Richardson A, Allen JA, Xiao H, Vallone D.  2012  Effects of Race/Ethnicity and socioeconomic status on health information-seeking, confidence, and trust.  Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved   23(4):1477-93

Miller L.M., Bell R.A.  2012  Online health information seeking: the influence of age, information trustworthiness, and search challenges.  Journal of Aging and Health   24(3):525-541

Kowalczyk N, Draper LJ.  2012  Trends in patient information preferences and acquisition.  Radiologic Technology   83(4):316-324



Rutten LJF, Blake K, Hesse BW, Ackerson LK.  2011  Isolated and skeptical: Social engagement and trust in information sources among smokers.  Journal of Cancer Education   26(3):465-73

Hesse BW, O'Connell M, Augustson EM, Chou WY, Shaikh AR, Rutten LJ.  2011  Realizing the promise of Web 2.0: Engaging community intelligence.  Journal of Health Communication   16 Suppl 1:10-31

Ha S, Lee YJ.  2011  Determinants of consumer-driven healthcare: Self-confidence in information search, health literacy, and trust in information sources.  International Journal of Pharmaceutical and Healthcare Marketing   5(1):8-24


Clayman ML, Manganello JA, Viswanath K, Hesse BW, Arora NK.  2010  Providing health messages to Hispanics/Latinos: understanding the importance of language, trust in health information sources, and media use.  Journal of Health Communication   15 Suppl 3:252-63

Geiger BF, O'Neal MR, Firsing SL 3rd, Smith KH, Chandan P, Schmidt A, Jackson JB.  2010  HealthyME HealthyU(©2010UCPGB): a collaborative project to enhance access to health information and services for individuals with disabilities.  Journal of Health Communication   15 Suppl 3:46-59

Hou J, Shim M.  2010  The role of provider-patient communication and trust in online sources in Internet use for health-related activities.  Journal of Health Communication   15 Suppl 3:186-99

Kaufman A, Augustson E, Davis K, Finney Rutten LJ.  2010  Awareness and use of tobacco quitlines: evidence from the Health Information National Trends Survey.  Journal of Health Communication   15 Suppl 3:264-78

Langford A, Resnicow K., An L.  2010  Clinical trial awareness among racial/ethnic minorities in HINTS 2007: sociodemographic, attitudinal, and knowledge correlates.  Journal of Health Communication   15 Suppl 3:92-101

Oh A, Shaikh A, Waters E, Atienza A, Moser RP, Perna F.  2010  Health disparities in awareness of physical activity and cancer prevention: findings from the National Cancer Institute's 2007 Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS).  Journal of Health Communication   15 Suppl 3:60-77

Tortolero-Luna G, Finney Rutten LJ, Hesse BW, Davis T, Kornfeld J, Sanchez M,Moser RP, Ortiz AP, Serrano-Rodriguez RA, Davis K.  2010  Health and cancer information seeking practices and preferences in Puerto Rico: creating an evidence base for cancer communication efforts.  Journal of Health Communication   15 Suppl 3:30-45


Zhao X.  2010  Cancer information disparities between U.S.- and foreign-born populations.  Journal of Health Communication   15 Suppl 3:5-21

Kim K, Kwon N  2010  Profile of e-patients: analysis of their cancer information-seeking from a national survey.  Journal of Health Communication   15(7):712-33

Finney Rutten LJ, Augustson EM, Moser RP, Doran K, Hesse BW.  2009  Health information seeking and media exposure among smokers: A comparison of light and intermittent tobacco users with heavy users  Nicotine & Tobacco Research   11(2):190-6

Hong T.  2008  Internet health information in the patient-provider dialogue.  Cyberpsychology   11(5):587-89

Wilson EV, Dobrzykowski DD, Cazier JA.  2008  The Influence of Media Trust and Internet Trust on Privacy-Risking Uses of E-Health.  International Journal of Information Security and Privacy   2(3): 84-97

Tiro JA, Meissner HI, Kobrin S, Chollette V.  2007  What do women in the U.S. know about human papillomavirus and cervical cancer?  Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention   16(2):288-94

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HINTS Data Terms of Use

It is of utmost importance to ensure the confidentiality of survey participants. Every effort has been made to exclude identifying information on individual respondents from the computer files. Some demographic information such as sex, race, etc., has been included for research purposes. NCI expects that users of the data set will adhere to the strictest standards of ethical conduct for the analysis and reporting of nationally collected survey data. It is mandatory that all research results be presented/published in a manner that protects the integrity of the data and ensures the confidentiality of participants.

In order for the Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS) to provide a public-use or another version of data to you, it is necessary that you agree to the following provisions.

  1. You will not present/publish data in which an individual can be identified. Publication of small cell sizes should be avoided.
  2. You will not attempt to link nor permit others to link the data with individually identified records in another database.
  3. You will not attempt to learn the identity of any person whose data are contained in the supplied file(s).
  4. If the identity of any person is discovered inadvertently, then the following should be done;
    1. no use will be made of this knowledge,
    2. the HINTS Program staff will be notified of the incident,
    3. no one else will be informed of the discovered identity.
  5. You will not release nor permit others to release the data in full or in part to any person except with the written approval of the HINTS Program staff.
  6. If accessing the data from a centralized location on a time sharing computer system or LAN, you will not share your logon name and password with any other individuals. You will also not allow any other individuals to use your computer account after you have logged on with your logon name and password.
  7. For all software provided by the HINTS Program, you will not copy, distribute, reverse engineer, profit from its sale or use, or incorporate it in any other software system.
  8. The source of information should be cited in all publications. The appropriate citation is associated with the data file used. Please see Suggested Citations in the Download HINTS Data section of this Web site, or the Readme.txt associated with the ASCII text version of the HINTS data.
  9. Analyses of large HINTS domains usually produce reliable estimates, but analyses of small domains may yield unreliable estimates, as indicated by their large variances. The analyst should pay particular attention to the standard error and coefficient of variation (relative standard error) for estimates of means, proportions, and totals, and the analyst should report these when writing up results. It is important that the analyst realizes that small sample sizes for particular analyses will tend to result in unstable estimates.
  10. You may receive periodic e-mail updates from the HINTS administrators.