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Health Information National Trends Survey
Part of NCI's Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences

HINTS Questions Used in this Published Article

What does the public know about preventing cancer? Results from the Health Information National TrendsSurvey (HINTS)., Hawkins NA, Berkowitz Z, Peipins LA., Health Education and Behavior, August 2010

49 Items found.

Legend

H1 = HINTS 1 (2003)

H2 = HINTS 2 (2005)

H3 = HINTS 3 (2008)

H4Cyc1 = HINTS 4 Cycle 1 (2011)

H4Cyc2 = HINTS 4 Cycle 2 (2012)

H4Cyc3 = HINTS 4 Cycle 3 (2013)

H4Cyc4 = HINTS 4 Cycle 4 (2014)

FDA = HINTS FDA (2015)

FDACyc2 = HINTS FDA Cycle 2 (2017)

H5Cyc1 = HINTS 5 Cycle 1 (2017)

H5Cyc2 = HINTS 5 Cycle 2 (2018)

    Response not available

*Select from the green boxes below to view survey responses.

Breast Cancer
A mammogram is an x-ray of each breast to look for breast cancer. Have you ever had a mammogram?
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When did you have your most recent mammogram to check for breast cancer?
Cancer Perceptions and Knowledge
Would you say you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree, strongly disagree with the following statements or do you have no opinion: It seems like everything causes cancer.
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Cancer Fatalism, Literacy, and Cancer Information Seeking in the American Public View questions related to this article

Parental cancer beliefs and trust in health information from medical authorities as predictors of HPV vaccine acceptability. View questions related to this article

Predictors of avoiding medical care and reasons for avoidance behavior. View questions related to this article

Perceptions of cancer controllability and cancer risk knowledge: The moderating role of race, ethnicity, and acculturation. View questions related to this article

Correlates and geographic patterns of knowledge that physical activity decreases cancer risk. View questions related to this article

Cancer perceptions: Implications from the 2007 health information national trends survey. View questions related to this article

Relationships among health perceptions vary depending on stage of readiness for colorectal cancer screening. View questions related to this article

Cancer risk perceptions, beliefs, and physician avoidance in Appalachia: results from the 2008 HINTS Survey. View questions related to this article

Intention to quit smoking: Role of personal and family member cancer diagnosis. View questions related to this article

What does the public know about preventing cancer? Results from the Health Information National TrendsSurvey (HINTS). View questions related to this article

Beliefs about cancer causation and prevention as a function of personal and family history of cancer: A national, population-based study. View questions related to this article

Frustrated and Confused: The American Public Rates its Cancer-Related Information-Seeking Experiences. View questions related to this article

Risk perceptions and worry about cancer: does gender make a difference? View questions related to this article

Fatalistic beliefs about cancer prevention and three prevention behaviors. View questions related to this article

Are there gender differences in colorectal cancer test use prevalence and correlates? View questions related to this article

Predictors of perceived risk for colon cancer in a national probability sample in the United States. View questions related to this article



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How much do you agree or disagree with each of the following statements? There’s not much you can do to lower your chances of getting cancer.
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Avoiding cancer risk information View questions related to this article

Cancer Fatalism, Literacy, and Cancer Information Seeking in the American Public View questions related to this article

Public Awareness of Direct-to-Consumer Genetic Tests: Findings from the 2013 U.S. Health Information National Trends Survey. View questions related to this article

Information-seeking in cancer survivors: application of the Comprehensive Model of Information Seeking to HINTS 2007 data. View questions related to this article

Parental cancer beliefs and trust in health information from medical authorities as predictors of HPV vaccine acceptability. View questions related to this article

Perceptions of cancer controllability and cancer risk knowledge: The moderating role of race, ethnicity, and acculturation. View questions related to this article

Correlates and geographic patterns of knowledge that physical activity decreases cancer risk. View questions related to this article

Cancer perceptions: Implications from the 2007 health information national trends survey. View questions related to this article

Relationships among health perceptions vary depending on stage of readiness for colorectal cancer screening. View questions related to this article

Determinants of consumer-driven healthcare: Self-confidence in information search, health literacy, and trust in information sources. View questions related to this article

Cancer risk perceptions, beliefs, and physician avoidance in Appalachia: results from the 2008 HINTS Survey. View questions related to this article

Intention to quit smoking: Role of personal and family member cancer diagnosis. View questions related to this article

What does the public know about preventing cancer? Results from the Health Information National TrendsSurvey (HINTS). View questions related to this article

Behavioral correlates of HPV vaccine acceptability in the 2007 Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS). View questions related to this article

Nutrition-related cancer prevention cognitions and behavioral intentions: testing the risk perception attitude framework. View questions related to this article

Beliefs about cancer causation and prevention as a function of personal and family history of cancer: A national, population-based study. View questions related to this article

Frustrated and Confused: The American Public Rates its Cancer-Related Information-Seeking Experiences. View questions related to this article

Risk perceptions and worry about cancer: does gender make a difference? View questions related to this article

Fatalistic beliefs about cancer prevention and three prevention behaviors. View questions related to this article

Are there gender differences in colorectal cancer test use prevalence and correlates? View questions related to this article

Perceived ambiguity about cancer prevention recommendations: relationship to perceptions of cancer preventability, risk, and worry. View questions related to this article

Predictors of perceived risk for colon cancer in a national probability sample in the United States. View questions related to this article

Cancer information scanning and seeking behavior is associated with knowledge, lifestyle choices, and screening. View questions related to this article



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Would you say you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree, strongly disagree with the following statements or do you have no opinion: There are so many recommendations about preventing cancer, it's hard to know which ones to follow.
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Public Awareness of Direct-to-Consumer Genetic Tests: Findings from the 2013 U.S. Health Information National Trends Survey. View questions related to this article

Information-seeking in cancer survivors: application of the Comprehensive Model of Information Seeking to HINTS 2007 data. View questions related to this article

Parental cancer beliefs and trust in health information from medical authorities as predictors of HPV vaccine acceptability. View questions related to this article

Perceptions of cancer controllability and cancer risk knowledge: The moderating role of race, ethnicity, and acculturation. View questions related to this article

Correlates and geographic patterns of knowledge that physical activity decreases cancer risk. View questions related to this article

Cancer perceptions: Implications from the 2007 health information national trends survey. View questions related to this article

Relationships among health perceptions vary depending on stage of readiness for colorectal cancer screening. View questions related to this article

Determinants of consumer-driven healthcare: Self-confidence in information search, health literacy, and trust in information sources. View questions related to this article

Cancer risk perceptions, beliefs, and physician avoidance in Appalachia: results from the 2008 HINTS Survey. View questions related to this article

Intention to quit smoking: Role of personal and family member cancer diagnosis. View questions related to this article

What does the public know about preventing cancer? Results from the Health Information National TrendsSurvey (HINTS). View questions related to this article

Behavioral correlates of HPV vaccine acceptability in the 2007 Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS). View questions related to this article

Beliefs about cancer causation and prevention as a function of personal and family history of cancer: A national, population-based study. View questions related to this article

Frustrated and Confused: The American Public Rates its Cancer-Related Information-Seeking Experiences. View questions related to this article

Risk perceptions and worry about cancer: does gender make a difference? View questions related to this article

Fatalistic beliefs about cancer prevention and three prevention behaviors. View questions related to this article

Are there gender differences in colorectal cancer test use prevalence and correlates? View questions related to this article

Perceived ambiguity about cancer prevention recommendations: relationship to perceptions of cancer preventability, risk, and worry. View questions related to this article

Predictors of perceived risk for colon cancer in a national probability sample in the United States. View questions related to this article



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How likely do you think it is that you will develop cancer in the future?
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The smoking behaviors and cancer-related disparities among urban middle aged and older men involved in the criminal justice system. View questions related to this article

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Recency of pap testing and future testing plans among women aged 18-64: Analysis of the 2007 Health Information National Trends Survey. View questions related to this article

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Can you think of any thing people can do to reduce their chances of getting cancer?
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Cervical Cancer
Colon Cancer
Have you ever done a stool blood test using a home kit?
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Improving rates for screening colonoscopy: Analysis of the health information national trends survey (HINTS I) data. View questions related to this article

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When did you do your most recent stool blood test using a home kit to check for colon cancer?
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Communication and colorectal cancer screening among the uninsured: data from the Health Information National Trends Survey (United States). View questions related to this article

Are there gender differences in colorectal cancer test use prevalence and correlates? View questions related to this article

Relationship of communication and information measures to colorectal cancer screening utilization: results from HINTS. View questions related to this article



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When did you have your most recent sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy to check for colon cancer?
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Asian and Hispanic Americans’ cancer fatalism and colon cancer screening. View questions related to this article

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Breast and colorectal cancer screening and sources of cancer information among older women in the United States: results from the 2003 Health Information National Trends Survey. View questions related to this article

Screening practices in cancer survivors. View questions related to this article

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Communication and colorectal cancer screening among the uninsured: data from the Health Information National Trends Survey (United States). View questions related to this article

Are there gender differences in colorectal cancer test use prevalence and correlates? View questions related to this article

Relationship of communication and information measures to colorectal cancer screening utilization: results from HINTS. View questions related to this article



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Have you ever had a sigmoidoscopy?
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Beliefs, risk perceptions, and gaps in knowledge as barriers to colorectal cancer screening in older adults. View questions related to this article

Improving rates for screening colonoscopy: Analysis of the health information national trends survey (HINTS I) data. View questions related to this article

Risk perceptions and worry about cancer: does gender make a difference? View questions related to this article

Breast and colorectal cancer screening and sources of cancer information among older women in the United States: results from the 2003 Health Information National Trends Survey. View questions related to this article

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Communication and colorectal cancer screening among the uninsured: data from the Health Information National Trends Survey (United States). View questions related to this article

Are there gender differences in colorectal cancer test use prevalence and correlates? View questions related to this article

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Knowledge of colon cancer screening in a national probability sample in the United States. View questions related to this article



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Have you ever had a colonoscopy?
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The association of perceived provider-patient communication and relationship quality with Colorectal Cancer screening. View questions related to this article

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What does the public know about preventing cancer? Results from the Health Information National TrendsSurvey (HINTS). View questions related to this article

Beliefs, risk perceptions, and gaps in knowledge as barriers to colorectal cancer screening in older adults. View questions related to this article

Improving rates for screening colonoscopy: Analysis of the health information national trends survey (HINTS I) data. View questions related to this article

Risk perceptions and worry about cancer: does gender make a difference? View questions related to this article

Breast and colorectal cancer screening and sources of cancer information among older women in the United States: results from the 2003 Health Information National Trends Survey. View questions related to this article

Screening practices in cancer survivors. View questions related to this article

Associations of perceived risk and worry with cancer health-protective actions: data from the Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS). View questions related to this article

Are there gender differences in colorectal cancer test use prevalence and correlates? View questions related to this article

Relationship of communication and information measures to colorectal cancer screening utilization: results from HINTS. View questions related to this article

Cancer information scanning and seeking behavior is associated with knowledge, lifestyle choices, and screening. View questions related to this article

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Health Status
Have you ever been diagnosed as having cancer?
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Multifactorial beliefs about the role of genetics and behavior in common health conditions: prevalence and associations with participant characteristics and engagement in health behaviors. View questions related to this article

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Predictors of perceived risk for colon cancer in a national probability sample in the United States. View questions related to this article

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Have any of your family members ever had cancer?
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Physical activity in young adults: a signal detection analysis of Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS) 2007 data. View questions related to this article

Multifactorial beliefs about the role of genetics and behavior in common health conditions: prevalence and associations with participant characteristics and engagement in health behaviors. View questions related to this article

Age and gender differences in the association between serious psychological distress and cancer: Findings from the 2003, 2005, and 2007 Health Information National Trends Surveys (HINTS). View questions related to this article

Can the inpatient hospital setting be a golden opportunity to improve colon cancer screening rates in the United States? View questions related to this article

The National Cancer Institute's Health Information National Trends Survey [HINTS]: a national cross-sectional analysis of talking to your doctor and other. View questions related to this article

The role of illness factors and patient satisfaction in using online health support groups. View questions related to this article

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Factors influencing the willingness of US women to vaccinate their daughters against the human papillomavirus to prevent cervical cancer. View questions related to this article

Cancer perceptions: Implications from the 2007 health information national trends survey. View questions related to this article

Recency of pap testing and future testing plans among women aged 18-64: Analysis of the 2007 Health Information National Trends Survey. View questions related to this article

Awareness and acceptability of human papillomavirus vaccine: An application of the instrumental variables bivariate probit model. View questions related to this article

The influence of physicians on colorectal cancer screening behavior. View questions related to this article

Relationships among health perceptions vary depending on stage of readiness for colorectal cancer screening. View questions related to this article

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Behavioral correlates of HPV vaccine acceptability in the 2007 Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS). View questions related to this article

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Nutrition and Physical Activity
During the past 30 days, how often did you eat fruit?
During the past 30 days, how often did you eat vegetables other than potatoes?
During the past month, did you participate in any physical activities or exercises such as running, yoga, golf, gardening, or walking for exercise?
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At least once a week, do you engage in regular activity such as brisk walking, jogging, bicycling, or another activity long enough to work up a sweat?
Risk Perceptions
How likely do you think it is that you will develop cancer in the future?
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Read HINTS Briefs
How often do you worry about getting cancer?
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Read HINTS Briefs
Can you think of any thing people can do to reduce their chances of getting cancer?
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Tobacco Use
Have you smoked at least 100 cigarettes in your entire life?
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Read HINTS Briefs
Do you now smoke cigarettes every day, some days, or not at all?
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Rural-urban differences in sunscreen use: Clarification of results from the 2005 Health Information National Trends Survey. View questions related to this article

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Differences between RDD telephone and ABS mail survey design: coverage, unit nonresponse, and measurement error. View questions related to this article

Intention to quit smoking: Role of personal and family member cancer diagnosis. View questions related to this article

What does the public know about preventing cancer? Results from the Health Information National TrendsSurvey (HINTS). View questions related to this article

Rural-urban differences in behaviors to prevent skin cancer: An analysis of the Health Information National Trends Survey. View questions related to this article

Family history of lung cancer and contemplation of smoking cessation. View questions related to this article

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Health information seeking and media exposure among smokers: A comparison of light and intermittent tobacco users with heavy users View questions related to this article

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Risk perceptions and worry about cancer: does gender make a difference? View questions related to this article

Perceived ambiguity about cancer prevention recommendations: associations with cancer-related perceptions and behaviours in a US population survey. View questions related to this article

Health behaviors in cancer survivors. View questions related to this article

Fatalistic beliefs about cancer prevention and three prevention behaviors. View questions related to this article

Seeking Cancer Information: An Appalachian Perspective. View questions related to this article

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Correlates of repeat and recent mammography for women ages 45 to 75 in the 2002 to 2003 Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS 2003). View questions related to this article

Are there gender differences in colorectal cancer test use prevalence and correlates? View questions related to this article

Unrealistic optimism in smokers: implications for smoking myth endorsement and self-protective motivation. View questions related to this article

Predictors of perceived risk for colon cancer in a national probability sample in the United States. View questions related to this article

Relationship of communication and information measures to colorectal cancer screening utilization: results from HINTS. View questions related to this article

Cancer information seeking preferences and experiences: disparities between Asian Americans and Whites in the Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS). View questions related to this article

Health and the information nonseeker: a profile. View questions related to this article

Cancer information scanning and seeking behavior is associated with knowledge, lifestyle choices, and screening. View questions related to this article

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HINTS Data Terms of Use

It is of utmost importance to ensure the confidentiality of survey participants. Every effort has been made to exclude identifying information on individual respondents from the computer files. Some demographic information such as sex, race, etc., has been included for research purposes. NCI expects that users of the data set will adhere to the strictest standards of ethical conduct for the analysis and reporting of nationally collected survey data. It is mandatory that all research results be presented/published in a manner that protects the integrity of the data and ensures the confidentiality of participants.

In order for the Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS) to provide a public-use or another version of data to you, it is necessary that you agree to the following provisions.

  1. You will not present/publish data in which an individual can be identified. Publication of small cell sizes should be avoided.
  2. You will not attempt to link nor permit others to link the data with individually identified records in another database.
  3. You will not attempt to learn the identity of any person whose data are contained in the supplied file(s).
  4. If the identity of any person is discovered inadvertently, then the following should be done;
    1. no use will be made of this knowledge,
    2. the HINTS Program staff will be notified of the incident,
    3. no one else will be informed of the discovered identity.
  5. You will not release nor permit others to release the data in full or in part to any person except with the written approval of the HINTS Program staff.
  6. If accessing the data from a centralized location on a time sharing computer system or LAN, you will not share your logon name and password with any other individuals. You will also not allow any other individuals to use your computer account after you have logged on with your logon name and password.
  7. For all software provided by the HINTS Program, you will not copy, distribute, reverse engineer, profit from its sale or use, or incorporate it in any other software system.
  8. The source of information should be cited in all publications. The appropriate citation is associated with the data file used. Please see Suggested Citations in the Download HINTS Data section of this Web site, or the Readme.txt associated with the ASCII text version of the HINTS data.
  9. Analyses of large HINTS domains usually produce reliable estimates, but analyses of small domains may yield unreliable estimates, as indicated by their large variances. The analyst should pay particular attention to the standard error and coefficient of variation (relative standard error) for estimates of means, proportions, and totals, and the analyst should report these when writing up results. It is important that the analyst realizes that small sample sizes for particular analyses will tend to result in unstable estimates.
  10. You may receive periodic e-mail updates from the HINTS administrators.